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Posts for tag: Calluses

By DANIEL METHUSELAH, DPM
June 01, 2016
Category: Foot Care

Feet and Ankles

Our feet and ankles are prone to a number of problems at different stages of life. Below is a list of common foot and ankle problems. With each issue, you can find quick advice for finding relief from your ailment, and if you experience any of the following conditions, contact your podiatrist for further diagnosis and treatment options.

Bunions

A bunion is a painful enlargement at the joint of the big toe. An important part of treatment is to wear shoes that conform to the shape of your foot and do not cause pressure areas. By doing this, you can often alleviate your pain. However, severe cases can be disabling. Visit your podiatrist for further treatment options if the change in shoes does not provide relief.

Heel Pain

Heel pain is extremely common and can often begin without injury. You will often feel pain under the heel while standing or walking, with symptoms at their worst when first arising out of bed. Most cases will improve on their own. Heel stretching, medication to reduce swelling of the soft tissues of the foot and orthotics can all be helpful in providing relief from your heel pain. For prolonged and troubling cases, visit your podiatrist for further treatment.

Corns and Calluses

Corns and calluses are caused by pressure on the skin of your foot. Treatment involves relieving the pressure on the skin, usually by modifying the shoe. Pads to relieve the bony pressure are helpful, but they must be positioned carefully. A visit to your podiatrist will help in the treatment planning.

Plantar Warts

Plantar warts occur on the sole of the foot and look like calluses. They result from an infection by a specific virus and are like other warts, but they grow inward. Plantar warts are difficult to treat, but success has been achieved with repeated applications of salicylic acid to soften the overlying callus and expose the virus. Other treatments include injection of the warts with medication, freezing the warts with liquid nitrogen and, very rarely, surgery. Your podiatrist can create the best treatment plan for your plantar warts.

Biomechanics involve how the movements of your lower limbs and feet affect the rest of your body.  When the feet aren’t working correctly, you may experience injuries and pains in other areas of the body beside your foot, such as the knees, hips and back.  Even the slightest changes, such as leg length discrepancies or fallen arches, can have a huge impact on your entire body’s ability to function properly without pain or injury.  

If you’re an athlete, many sport-related injuries develop from poor biomechanics of the foot. Athletes with poor foot mechanics are more prone to sustaining lower extremity injuries.   As your body tries to compensate for any anomalies, your muscles, joints and tendons are placed under excessive stress.

It’s important that athletes visit their Irmo podiatrist for athorough assessment of their biomechanics at the first sign of a problem or pain, including footdiscomfort, poor balance, or unexplained corns and calluses. An assessment of your low limbs will help identify what happens in your legs and feet when you walk, stand and run.   A professional evaluation is critical for successful prevention and treatment of any injury or condition. 

Many sport injuries can be traced back to biomechanical problems including:

  • Sprained ankles
  • Back pain
  • Hip pain
  • Shin splints
  • Calluses and corns
  • Plantar fasciitis

Once Columbia Podiatry has identified the problem and cause of your pain, a tailor made treatment plan can be created to restore your lower extremities and feet back to their normal function, thus improving your game. Treatment may involve one or more of the following:

  • Exercises and therapy to stretch or strengthen muscles
  • Orthotic devices that are worn inside the shoe to control, realign or cushion the abnormalities, thus reducing discomfort
  • Footwear modifications

Don’t let poor foot biomechanics compromise your game. Whether you are a full-time athlete or the weekend warrior, your podiatrist can help you return to your favorite sport activity. Not only will performance improve, but injuries will also be significantly reduced with proper treatment.